Electronic HS Codes for PCBA in International Trade

HS Code, also known as Harmonized System code, is an internationally recognized numerical code used to classify and categorize traded goods. The World Customs Organization (WCO) developed the Harmonized System to provide a standardized method for customs authorities to classify products.

Code consists of a series of digits that represent specific categories, enabling consistent identification and categorization of products by customs authorities worldwide. These codes establish a common language for international trade and facilitate the smooth movement of goods across borders. This is important for a global PCBA trader like FS Technology!

For PCBA (Printed Circuit Board Assembly), the typical HS Code is 8542.31. This HS Code is used for “Printed Circuit Assemblies,” which refers to PCB boards with interconnected electronic components mounted on them. It encompasses the assembly of electronic components onto a PCB board to create a functional unit or module. It is important to note that HS codes can vary slightly depending on the specific features and components of the PCBA board. Therefore, it is advisable to consult official customs references or seek professional advice to ensure accurate classification under the appropriate PCBA HS Code.

hs code for pcba

Electronic HS Code Importance for PCBA

  • Accurate Classification: HS Code encompasses a different range of electronic components and assemblies used in many industries. Assigning the accurate HS Code to PCBA project ensures accurate classification under the appropriate category. This helps customs authorities identify the nature of the circuit boards, facilitating smooth customs clearance and reducing the risk of delays or documentation errors.
  • Customs Compliance: Different countries or regions have different regulations for the import and export of electronic products, which facilitates and helps ensure customs compliance. By using the accurate HS Code, importers and exporters can demonstrate compliance with these regulations, including certification requirements, safety standards, and labeling obligations. Customs compliance ensures that the printed circuit board meets all the necessary requirements and laws in the destination country.
  • Tariff Determination: HS Codes play a crucial role in determining the applicable customs taxes, duties, and fees for PCBA business. Each Code corresponds to a specific duty rate, allowing importers and exporters to accurately calculate the costs of PCBA. Knowing the relevant HS Code helps businesses assess the financial implications and incorporate these expenses into pricing strategies and overall profitability calculations.
  • Supply Chain Management: Correct HS Code classification enhances supply chain management. HS Codes provide standardized information about the nature of the PCBA board, enabling effective logistics planning and inventory management. Manufacturers, suppliers, and distributors can track and trace products more efficiently, ensuring the smooth flow of goods within the supply chain and optimizing operational processes.
  • Trade Data Analysis: HS Code for PCBA contributes to comprehensive trade data analysis. Based on trade statistics, businesses, industry groups, and governments can assess market trends, identify expansion opportunities, and make strategic business decisions. Precise categorization of PCBA items under specific codes enhances the reliability and relevance of trade data analysis, providing valuable insights into import and export trends and the overall performance of the industry.
  • Risk Assessment: The use of code improves security and risk management at customs. Customs officials employ code to ensure compliance with import/export restrictions, identify potentially high-risk commodities for further examination, and detect illegal activities. By accurately classifying PCB under the appropriate HS Code, PCBA company demonstrates transparency and facilitates the identification of legitimate trade operations, reducing the risk of delays or disruptions caused by security concerns.

How To Use HS Codes To Classify PCBA?

  • Understand the Product: Gain comprehensive knowledge about the product you are categorizing. Familiarize yourself with its composition, features, and intended use. Analyze the different electronic components, materials, and technologies involved. Familiarize yourself with industry-specific terms and specifications related to PCBA.
  • Research System: Familiarize yourself with the customs trade system and understand the structure and organization of the HS Code system, including chapters, headings, subheadings, and specific product codes.
  • Identify the Relevant Chapter: Determine the appropriate HS Code chapter for items. Start by examining chapters related to electrical machinery and equipment. Consider factors such as the complexity of the circuit board, its primary purpose, and any unique characteristics or elements that help determine its classification.
  • Narrow Down the Heading: Once you have identified the relevant chapter, focus on the appropriate heading. Read the explanations and instructions provided for each heading within the selected chapter. Look for headings that accurately capture the essential features and purposes of the product you are categorizing.
  • Consider Subheadings and Specific Codes: Within the chosen heading, consider any relevant subheadings or specific codes that provide further detail or specificity. These subheadings can differentiate PCBA board based on parameters such as power output, input voltage, specific functions, or specialized features.
  • Consult Official References: Use official sources and references to validate and confirm the HS Code for PCB assembly. Check customs websites, trade portals, or databases provided by the customs authorities of the importing or exporting country.
  • Seek Expert Advice: If you encounter difficulties in determining the accurate HS Code for your PCBA product, consider seeking expert advice. Customs brokers, trade consultants, or professionals with expertise in international trade can provide valuable insights and guidance based on their knowledge and experience.
  • Accurate Records: Once you have assigned an HS Code to PCBA, maintain accurate records of the classification. Document the code used, along with any supporting information or documentation used for classification. These records will be beneficial for future reference, audits, and compliance purposes.

HS Code for PCBA-import

HS CodeDescription
8537.10.19Other PCB boards, whether or not assembled, incorporating integrated circuits or other semiconductor devices, other than those of heading 8541
8537.10.20PCB boards, whether or not assembled, incorporating discrete devices, other than those of heading 8541
8537.10.30PCB boards, whether or not assembled, incorporating hybrid integrated circuits, other than those of heading 8541
8537.10.90Other PCB boards, whether or not assembled

Please note that the descriptions provided are a summary and may not capture all the nuances of each HS Code. It’s always recommended to consult official customs references for accurate classification.

How to Determine the HS Code for PCBA

  • Understand the Composition: Analyze the various components of PCBA, such as resistors, integrated circuits, capacitors, connectors, and other electronic parts.
  • Identify Function: Determine the main purpose or functionality of the PCBA. For example, is it a control board, audio circuit board, power supply board, or designed for a specific application?
  • Harmonized System: Refer to the HS to find the appropriate chapter and heading for electrical machinery and devices. 
  • Additional Classifications: Take into account any specific features or characteristics of the PCBA that may require further classification. This could include processing capabilities, communication capabilities, or specialized functions.
  • Review Country-Specific Regulations: Be aware of any regulations or interpretations specific to the country where the PCBA is being imported or exported. Different countries may have their own rules and guidelines for classification.