Video Tutorial on How to Desolder PCB Components

Soldering is a process that is used to attach the copper pipes in plumbing operations and helps to connect the different components on the board. This process helps to make a reliable and strong connection of components. But if someone solders the component on the board incorrectly. So there is no use of the soldered components and we want to use that component in another project. So you will remove the component by heating the solder and desoldering the soldered point.

For desoldering PCB process, there must be accurate technique and equipment is used. When there is a PCB assembly failure, we need to use the desoldering process. To ensure that the target is accurate, a PCBA failure analysis is required to find the problem areas. In that, we will can use that component for other projects if the soldering process is not fine our component will be wasted. Before we start, watch a youtube video of removing an IC from a PCB.

What is desoldering PCB component process?

desoldering components from PCBA

The PCBA factory solders the electronic components to the bare board through the soldering process, and the desoldering process makes the PCBA board become a bare board again. In the desoldering process, solder is melted, and eliminated the connection between the two different materials. For electronic desoldering is used to remove the components from the PCB board to repair if damaged, for troubleshooting replacement, and salvaging. In simple words, the desoldering process is the opposite of the soldering process where components join on the board. 

Many high-end PCBA components are often used in circuit board assembly projects, such as: IC (integrated circuit), lm4702, power amplifier transistors, etc. Although desoldering can undo everything done in soldering, it is not easy to desolder IC from PCBA. Similar to desoldering process also needs a high level of proficiency and advanced desoldering machines to remove the component. There are some techniques used to make the accurate desoldering process fine. Next let me discuss it in depth.

Precautions for desoldering PCBA components

Desoldering is a must-have skill for PCB assembly companies, but since the desoldering process requires manual work by employees, here is a list of some precautions that must be performed to carry out this process:

  • There must be ventilated area to perform the desoldering;
  • Try to not touch the head of the soldering iron;
  • When soldering is not used must place on the stand;
  • Used pliers during the desoldering process;
  • Uses safety glass and masks;
  • Must have a first aid kit and also have fire extinguishers;
  • Control temperature and time to prevent other components from being damaged due to PCB desoldering;
  • Work after strict training. High temperature will reduce the firmness of the components soldered on the surface of the PCB, and violent shaking may cause the components to fall;
  • Absorb the melted solder through the tin suction tool to reduce the desoldering time.

Choice of desoldering circuit board components

If it is determined that the circuit board is faulty and needs to be desoldered, please choose the desoldering method according to different situations:

  • Point-to-point desoldering method: suitable for hobbyists or prototype PCB assembly projects. If the distance between the solder joints is relatively large, the components to be removed can be removed one by one with a soldering iron and tweezers.
  • Concentrated desoldering method: suitable for multi-pin component types. This method can remove multiple pins of a component on the PCB at the same time.
  • Shear desoldering method: There are many reasons for desoldering, components are soldered in the wrong direction, mis-soldered, components are damaged, etc., and the shear desoldering method is a method suitable for removing faulty components. If we determine that these components have been damaged, we can directly cut off the components or wires, and then remove the wire ends on the pads.

How to desolder PCB components

In the following content, FS Technology will show you how to remove components from PCB and analyze the advantages and disadvantages between them through different tools. PS: Choosing the right way and paying attention to protective protective measures is the first step in your desoldering process.

Desoldering with Soldering Iron

Desolder components from PCBA with soldering iron

Operating procedures:

  • For desoldering, the PCB component soldering iron technique is easy and mostly used. You don’t need to use advanced equipment, just a soldering iron and a file to use this method;
  • To perform this method through the use of soldering iron heat the solder till it melts;
  • Remove the pinout through the use of iron and take away solder from the connections;
  • After that remove the component through the use of pliers. Make sure that during the removing the component pressure must apply on the tips, not on the body of the component. It saves the PCBA component from damage.

Advantages and Disadvantages:

  • The advantage of this technique is that we just need of soldering iron to remove the component from PCB;
  • Also, components removed can be used for new projects;
  • Its drawback is that if soldering iron is used for a long time can damage the board and the fragile IC.

Desoldering with Desoldering Wick

Desoldering with Desoldering Wick

This desoldering technique is used to eliminate the additional solder on the board when the soldering process is completed. Soldering wick is created through the use of intertwining copper windings and braiding. This method is also called desoldering braid. For the creation of solder wick copper wires are used since it a good conductor for heat. When the solder is getting the heat the copper coil gets the solder from the metals. There is the PCBA flux that comes with the soldering wicks that help to remove the solder from the PCB board. Some steps are as follows to remove the solder:

  • Wound the small part of copper wires and create a braid. Then put this braid i the flux pan and apply to the copper braid.
  • Then put the part of desoldering wick at the point that you have to desolder. Place the hot soldering iron at the upper point of the solder wick and the required pinout.
  • Wait for some time till the solder melted and the solder wick absorbs the solder that melted, and then remove the part of solder wick that has absorbed the solder.
  • This process must be repeated to completely remove the undesired solder.

Desoldering using Desolder Pump

There is a desoldering pump used for the removal of solder in this technique. Desoldering pump is a small-size high-pressure vacuum pump. When you use this pump make sure that the solder has heated and melted. The process of desoldering has some steps discussed here:

  • There is soldering iron used for melting the solder. 
  • Press the handle of the pump close to the molted solder.
  • Releases the pressed handle to remove the solder.
  • Repeat the process to remove the further solder existing on the board.

Desoldering using Power Desoldering Station

The finest option for desoldering effectively is temperature-controlled power desoldering station. It is mostly used for larger size desoldering processes, which is not suitable for electronic components such as IC. For example, if there is a need of a larger number of component eliminated from the projects this method is fine. Different types of desoldering machine are used some are explained here:

  • To remove the through hole components through-hole desoldering is used.
  • For removal of surface mount component from the pads hot tweezer stations is used.
  • A hot air station that has air blowing at about 800 to 1000 F is used for SMT component removal.

Desoldering through Heat Gun

pcba Heat Gun

The process of a heat gun is like the soldering iron. Here the process is explained through a heat gun:

  • On the heat gun then hold the board through the use of a strong grip like pliers.
  • Place the heat gun on the component that has to remove till the solder melts.
  • Remove the component through the use of pliers.

In this post, we will discuss different methods for desoldering. So let’s get started.

That is all about the desoldering process that is used to remove the solder to separation of two substances. Knowing the rules of PCBA component orientation before assembly to avoid this common PCB problem is the best solution.

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